Finding the Cure for the Healthcare Unstructured Data Problem


Healthcare information/ and records continue to grow with the introduction of new devices and expanding regulatory requirements such as The Affordable Care Act, The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH). In the past, healthcare records were made up of mostly paper forms or structured billing data; relatively easy to categorize, store, and manage.  That trend has been changing as new technologies enable faster and more convenient ways to share and consume medical data.

According to an April 9, 2013 article on ZDNet.com, by 2015, 80% of new healthcare information will be composed of unstructured information; information that’s much harder to classify and manage because it doesn’t conform to the “rows & columns” format used in the past. Examples of unstructured information include clinical notes, emails & attachments, scanned lab reports, office work documents, radiology images, SMS, and instant messages.

Who or what is going to actually manage this growing mountain of unstructured information?

To insure regulatory compliance and the confidentiality and security of this unstructured information, the healthcare industry will have to 1) hire a lot more professionals to manually categorize and mange it or 2) acquire technology to do it automatically.

Looking at the first solution; the cost to have people manually categorize and manage unstructured information would be prohibitively expensive not to mention slow. It also exposes private patient data to even more individuals.  That leaves the second solution; information governance technology. Because of the nature of unstructured information, a technology solution would have to:

  1. Recognize and work with hundreds of data formats
  2. Communicate with the most popular healthcare applications and data repositories
  3. Draw conceptual understanding from “free-form” content so that categorization can be accomplished at an extremely high accuracy rate
  4. Enable proper access security levels based on content
  5. Accurately retain information based on regulatory requirements
  6. Securely and permanently dispose of information when required

An exciting emerging information governance technology that can actually address the above requirements uses the same next generation technology the legal industry has adopted…proactive information governance technology based on conceptual understanding of content,  machine learning and iterative “train by example” capabilities

 

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